Latest News

CLINICAL CASES IN MS – CASE 5: A CLINICALLY STABLE PATIENT PLANNING A PREGNANCY

 

Click here to watch Dr. Courtney Casserly discuss the case and the responses to the survey.

Alison, 31, is a lawyer, married with no children. She was diagnosed with RRMS in 2014. Her initial presentation was vertigo, diplopia and mild ataxia. EDSS score was 2.0. She was started on glatiramer acetate but was switched to fingolimod in 2016 after experiencing two relapses.

She has been clinically stable since 2016. Her EDSS score is unchanged. Her last MRI eight months ago revealed three new lesions, one enhancing, but she was happy on therapy and did not want to make a switch at that time.

The patient tells you she wants to get pregnant in the next 6-12 months.

The survey is now closed. We received 40 responses. See below for a summary of the answers you provided.

Question 1: Is Alison being adequately managed on her current treatment?
A majority of respondents (90%) said that Alison is experiencing breakthrough disease activity. Only 5% said she is clinically stable or that her MRI activity is not sufficient to warrant escalating therapy.

Question 2. How would you manage Alison’s transition off fingolimod prior to her pregnancy?
Most respondents (50%) said they would switch from fingolimod to natalizumab after an appropriate washout period, then continue natalizumab until the second trimester of pregnancy. However, many said they would switch to ocrelizumab (35%) or complete year 1 of cladribine dosing (15%).

3. Assuming all vaccines and TB skin testing are up-to-date, what testing is needed when transitioning from fingolimod to another higher efficacy agent (e.g. natalizumab, ocrelizumab, cladribine)?
A majority (55%) would obtain a CBC with differential, MR head, and serum JCV antibody testing with index. Some respondents opted for CBC with differential, MR head, CSF for JCV (15%); CBC with differential and MR head with gadolinium without CSF testing (15%); 10% would obtain a CBC with differential and MR head; and 5% thought a CBC with differential was sufficient without MRI (5%).

4. What would be your approach if Alison said she wanted to get pregnant in 12-24 months (rather than in 6-12 months)?
Respondents were somewhat evenly split. A total of 40% would switch from fingolimod to ocrelizumab, continue with 3-4 cycles (q6 months) then attempt conception four months post-ocrelizumab. About 30% said they would switch to natalizumab and continue treatment until the second trimester of pregnancy. Another 30% would wait until the lymphocyte count recovered and then complete a two-year course of cladribine, with the recommendation to wait 6 months post-cladribine before conception.

5. Alison opted to switch to ocrelizumab as her disease modifying therapy. She received three cycles of ocrelizumab, became pregnant, carried her baby to term, and had a healthy baby girl. Post-partum she is keen to restart treatment with a DMT. She plans to breastfeed. What is your advice regarding breastfeeding?
About one-third said they would immediately restart ocrelizumab while breastfeeding. Twenty percent would re-start ocrelizumab immediately but would advise Alison to “pump and dump”, i.e. discard the breast milk during the 10-day period after each infusion. About 15% said they would not re-start treatment until after Alison had completed exclusive breastfeeding. Another 15% said they would delay re-starting ocrelizumab for three months when the baby is weaned. Only 5% would counsel Alison not to breastfeed so she can start treatment as soon as possible.

View the video commentary by Dr. Courtney Casserly.

Revisions proposed for McDonald criteria

 

A fourth revision of the McDonald diagnostic criteria is currently underway to address some of the conceptual and practical difficulties in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, according to Dr. Jeffrey Cohen, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. His remarks were made at the 43rd International Neuroscience Symposium of the Université de Montréal, held May 3-5, 2022, in Montreal. Read More

TOPICS:

Excess mortality during pandemic tops 14 million

 

The World Health Organization estimates that excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020-2021) globally was 14.91 million. Excess mortality includes reported COVID deaths (5.42 million) as well as unreported COVID deaths, all-cause mortality where COVID played a role, and excess deaths related to healthcare delivery. This methodology was used to more accurately reflect deaths directly and indirectly related to the pandemic. Read More